Tuesday, April 30, 2019

Looking for Unique Event Venues: An Opportunity for Industrial Heritage Tourism-Global Journal of Archaeology & Anthropology-Juniper Publishers

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-Global Journal of Archaeology & Anthropology


Looking for Unique Event Venues: An Opportunity for Industrial Heritage Tourism


Authored by Ainara Rodríguez-Zulaica*

Cities hold yearly thousands of special events. We consider as such “a unique moment in time celebrated with ceremony and ritual to satisfy specific needs”. Special events are a high percentage of the incomes a destination receives from tourism. Events have become so popular that most companies organize meetings, conferences or exhibitions as part of their marketing strategies; and this sums up with all type of cultural and sport events planned throughout the year in most tourist destinations. Nowadays, one of the biggest demands this industry has, is to look for venues that are unique, special and authentic. Even though theatres, exhibition centers, hotels or universities are still the sites that most organizers use to allocate their events, we must consider that there is a high demand for new and unusual locations, capable of hosting efficiently a special event.

This is where our study on Industrial Heritage Tourism has focused its attention. Most of the cities in European countries count with industrial buildings that have been abandoned and are waiting for initiatives that allow them to be rehabilitated and reused with a new purpose. Our research shows that, in most cases, as part of processes of urban regeneration, these buildings are being reconverted into multifunctional cultural spaces, that can be used with different purposes. When so, one of these purposes is to be venue for special events. This paper summarizes the results of the research that we are still developing, based in the analysis of the new uses of industrial heritage sites in Western and Northern European countries and its impacts according to the 3-bottom line in the destinations and its inhabitants.

For Read More... Fulltext click on: https://juniperpublishers.com/gjaa/GJAA.MS.ID.555701.php

For More Articles in Global Journal of Archaeology & Anthropology Please Click on:

For More Open Access Journals In Juniper Publishers Please Click on:

Monday, April 29, 2019

The Global Dispersal of the Non-Endemic Invasive Red Alga Gracilaria vermiculophylla in the Ecosystems of the Euro-Asia Coastal Waters Including the Wadden Sea Unesco World Heritage Coastal Area: Awful or Awesome?-Oceanography & Fisheries Open Access Journal- Juniper Publishers

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-Oceanography & Fisheries Open Access Journal


The Global Dispersal of the Non-Endemic Invasive Red Alga Gracilaria vermiculophylla in the Ecosystems of the Euro-Asia Coastal Waters Including the Wadden Sea Unesco World Heritage Coastal Area: Awful or Awesome?


Authored by Vincent van Ginneken *

Gracilaria vermiculophylla (Ohmi) Papenfu ß 1967 (Rhodophyta, Gracilariaceae) is a red alga and was originally described in Japan in 1956 as Gracilariopsis vermiculophylla. It is thought to be native and widespread throughout the Northwest Pacific Ocean. G. vermiculophylla is primarily used as a precursor for agar, which is widely used in the pharmaceutical and food industries. It has been introduced to the East Pacific, the West Atlantic and the East Atlantic, where it rapidly colonizes new environments. It is highly tolerant of stresses (nutrient, salinity, temperature) and can grow in an extremely wide variety of conditions; factors which contribute to its invasiveness. It invades estuarine areas where it out-competes native algae species and modifies environments. The following European coastal and brackish water seas are already invaded: Atlantic, North Sea, Mediterranean and Baltic Sea. The Euro-Asian brackish Black-Sea have not yet been invaded but are very vulnerable to intense invasion with G. vermiculophylla because they are isolated from direct marine influences and have a harsh environment with large salinity, nutrient and temperature fluctuations. The risk of this macro-algae becomes clear that scientists placed G. vermiculophylla among the most potent invaders out of 114 non-indigenous macro-algae species in Europe. Also, some states in the US are invaded (Rhode Island, California, N.& S. Carolina and Virginia), but also Canada, Mexico, Morocco and the North Pacific Ocean. Molecular work indicated its native range is Asia (China, Japan, Korea, South-eastern Russia and Vietnam). Worldwide dispersal is mainly caused by transmission vectors like aquaculture (oysters transport/import) and shipping ballast water. A further global dispersal on this invasive macro-algae can be achieved by strict rules regarding legislation and certification. A possible invasion of new water bodies can also have in some cases positive effects via an extension of the ecological habitat. An unexpected invasion of this invasive drift algae G. vermiculophylla (and other spp.) Furthermore we will calculate on a global scale what contribution G. vermiculophylla might have in the 70% more green biomass which has to be produced before the 2050 when we will live with around 10 billion people at our planet. It is estimated that at 2050 around 350 billion kg of dry weight green biomass needs to be produced in order to solve “The global Ten Billion People Issue” so in theory G. vermiculophylla could account on a global scale around 8, 23% of this tremendous amount of urgently needed green biomass in the salt water marshes of the south-eastern US, coasts of Asia, South America, and Australia without any production costs. Finally, the Rhine feeding the Wadden Sea through the North Sea has a large sewerage system and therefore the water in the Dutch part of the Wadden Sea is phosphate-limited, which does not cover the German and Danish part of the Wadden Sea fed by smaller phosphate loaded rivers. This is the main reason that this Japanese drift algae G. vermiculophylla in the neighboring countries has been doing so well in these parts of the Wadden Sea and is overgrowing our Unesco World Heritage.

For Read More... Fulltext click on: https://juniperpublishers.com/ofoaj/OFOAJ.MS.ID.555727.php

For More Articles in Oceanography & Fisheries Open Access Journal Please Click on:

For More Open Access Journals In Juniper Publishers Please Click on:

Friday, April 26, 2019

Hospitalized Patients Care Pathway for Stroke and its Determinants in a Reference Hospital in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)-Open Access Journal of Neurology & Neurosurgery-Juniper Publishers

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-Open Access Journal of Neurology & Neurosurgery



Hospitalized Patients Care Pathway for Stroke and its Determinants in a Reference Hospital in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)


Authored by Lompo Djingri Labodi*

Stroke units and intravenous thrombolysis have been shown to be effective in reducing mortality and post stroke functional sequelae, but they are still embryonic in sub Saharan Africa. However, even in developed countries, long hospital and intra hospital delays still limit their access, hence the interest of a study on the care pathway of patients hospitalized for stroke and its determinants at the Tingandogo University Hospital, in Ouagadougound. This was a prospective longitudinal study of patients consecutively admitted to the Tingandogo University Hospital, from May 2015 to April 2016, for stroke. Sociodemographic data, cardiovascular risk factors, comorbidities, clinical and neuroradiological data were analyzed, as well as the characteristics of the pre- and intra hospital care pathway. Anunivariate and multivariate analysis was performed. 52 patients (49.5%) consulted at a health center within ≤3h; 17patients (16.2%) consulted directly with the CHU medical emergencies; 39 patients (37.1%) received cerebral CT scan within ≤2h; pre hospital transport by ambulance and the initial clinical severity of stroke (NIHSS≥17) were independent factors associated with early first time delay; urban residence was the only independent variable associated with early admission to emergency departments; vascular risk factors, pre hospital transport by an ambulance and the initial use of a physician were independent factors associated with early CT scan. The implementation of an organized network of pre and intra hospital care centered on the stroke units, public awareness and training of health professionals on stroke, will reduce the delays in hospital management of stroke.

For Read More... Fulltext click on: https://juniperpublishers.com/oajnn/OAJNN.MS.ID.555727.php

For More Articles in Open Access Journal of Neurology & Neurosurgery Please Click on:

For More Open Access Journals In Juniper Publishers Please Click on:

Thursday, April 25, 2019

On Multidisciplinary Potential Applications of Gauge Theories-Biostatistics and Biometrics Open Access Journal-Juniper Publishers

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-Biostatistics and Biometrics Open Access Journal


On Multidisciplinary Potential Applications of Gauge Theories


Authored by Jean-Pierre Magnot*

We review how gauge theories, initial introduced for classical mechanics and quantum led theory, seem to apply to many fields of research such as information theory, computer science, economy, biology. This non-exhaustive list raises natural question on future developments of this theory. Basically, the mathematical structure of groups is among the best adapted for describing transformations and moves. A path on a group can encode the evolution of a dynamical system, or the moves of an exterior observer with respect to a given system. In the theory of quantum fields, more general objects called principal bundles, which consist in a total space P with fibers isomorphic to a (Lie) group G over a base (simplicial complex or manifold) .M For one of the most simple settings, one can see when the base is a manifold (we call them continuum gauge theories) [1-5]. When the base is a simplicial complex (or a lattice), the models are called discrete gauge theories. They stand formally as an integrated version of the previous ones which (more or less formally again). The physical study consists in solving equations on P or after quantization into fields, in minimizing so-called action functionals. These action functionals are in fact acting on connections, which are infinitesimal expressions of local slices. They can be understood also as differential operators. These delicate settings coming from physics have, in the last twenty years, found two applications to our knowledge

For Read More... Fulltext click on: https://juniperpublishers.com/bboaj/BBOAJ.MS.ID.555701.php

For More Articles in Biostatistics and Biometrics Open Access Journal Please Click on:

For More Open Access Journals In Juniper Publishers Please Click on:

Wednesday, April 24, 2019

Observational Study: Cancer Cases Treated with Homeopathy in the Basque Country/Navarre between 2013 and 2015-Journal of Complementary Medicine & Alternative Healthcare-Juniper Publishers

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-Journal of Complementary Medicine & Alternative Healthcare


Observational Study: Cancer Cases Treated with Homeopathy in the Basque Country/Navarre between 2013 and 2015


Authored by Victoria Claramunt Palou*

The Study included 50 women and 15 men aged between 11 and 85 years. There we 44 patients with advanced tumour disease and 21 with early-stage disease. Conventional cancer treatment was chosen by 64 patients and one of them chose homeopathy only. Four patients made important changes in their lifestyle, and 8 had bio-decoding sessions. All patients had taken homeopathic medicines as palliative care tailored to different stages of their disease. A single drug treatment was used in 18 cases, based on the entire case. Ten cases we treated by applying Banergi protocols and constitutional medicine, and 37 cases were treated with different successive or combined drugs, depending on the state of the patient at the time, with the Minotti protocol for palliative care being applied in 9 cases. The predominant homeopathic dilutions were centesimals. The great variability of medications used on each of the patients shows the individuality of patient symptoms with the same clinical diagnosis, as well as the great variability in the criteria of homeopathy doctors when establishes a therapeutic strategy.

Homeopathy has helped to control the tumour disease (patient free of disease) in 10 cases of early stage cancer and 12 cases of advanced tumour disease. Homeopathy was only palliative in 7 cases of early-stage cancer, in 22 cases of advanced tumour disease, and in five other cancers without staging. Homeopathy did not work in one case of early stage cancer, in two cases of advanced tumour disease, and in one case without staging. There were 5 cases in which results could not be assessed at the time of the study. According to the subjective assessment by the homeopathic doctor, homeopathy contributed to the control of tumour disease (patient free of disease with biological and /or imaging tests) in 22 cases, it was palliative in 34 cases, 4 patients died, and 5 cases cannot yet be evaluated. According to the assessment by the patient, it helped to control and improve their quality of life in 55 cases and it does not help them at all in 5 cases. This observational study has enabled us to evaluate the effectiveness of our work in the context of our clinical reality and more accurately describe all parameters involved in the case, including conventional treatments and their impact. Patient opinion is part of the evaluation of the results and requires questionnaires that can be adapted and standardized. Homeopaths carry out their work within an ethical framework bound by civil responsibility and respect for patient autonomy, open to collaboration with the work of the other professionals with a common goal, which is none to cure, relieve the patient, and contribute to the advancement of knowledge.

For Read More... Fulltext click on: https://juniperpublishers.com/jcmah/JCMAH.MS.ID.555726.php

For More Articles in Journal of Complementary Medicine & Alternative Healthcare Please Click on:

For More Open Access Journals In Juniper Publishers Please Click on:

Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Info Energy and Stem Cells Medicine-Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences-Juniper Publishers

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences


Info Energy and Stem Cells Medicine


Authored by Maria Kuman*

If we want to be considered advanced civilization, we shouldn’t consider ourselves as a bag with chemicals interacting in a certain fat-ion, but we should consider ourselves intelligent beings endowed with mind and emotions. This article proves with measurements that not only do emotions play essential role in our health and wellbeing, our way of thinking plays essential role. Positive thinking increases our energy and makes us healthier, which means you need to be happy to be healthy. Opposite to this, negative thinking decreases our energy and the genetically inherited weak organ drops in energy maximum. This means that each negative thought takes us a step farther to a disease of the genetically weak organ. If so, our medicine needs to consider the role, which our emotions and ways of thinking play in our health. Emotions, way of thinking, and mind are indelible part of our nonlinear electromagnetic field (NEMF). As intelligent beings, we should understand that there are two ways to influence humans to restore their health: one is by influencing the chemical reactions in the body (which we do with the help of pharmaceutical industry) and the other is by influencing our NEMF, which is the Info Energy Medicine or Quantum Medicine. They should have equal right of existence. Special attention is devoted to the stem cells used in combination with the Info Energy Medicine.

For Read More... Fulltext click on: https://juniperpublishers.com/ctbeb/CTBEB.MS.ID.555905.php

For More Articles in Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences Please Click on:

For More Open Access Journals In Juniper Publishers Please Click on:
https://juniperpublishers.com/index.php

Monday, April 22, 2019

Children’s Giftedness and Its Determinants-JOJ Nursing & Health Care-Juniper Publishers

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-JOJ Nursing & Health Care


Children’s Giftedness and Its Determinants


Authored by Ami Rokach*

Some of the salient ‘ingredients’ of giftedness are reviewed. They include the origins of giftedness and creativity, is nature or nurture responsible for giftedness, characteristics of the gifted, and the role of their family in enhancimng their talents and assisting them to address difficulties that they may face and which may be related to their giftedness. We, the public, often hear success stories about young prodigies who grew up to become amazingly creative and successful adults, such as Mark Zukerberg, Bill Gates Pablo Picasso, Mozart or even Lady Gaga. Wallas proposed a Four-Stage Model to describe for the creative process. That model highlighted the preparation, incubation, illumination, and verification stages of the creative process. Other researchers extended and revised that model, such as Guilford’s who emphasised ideational flexibility, fluency, and novelty, and Cropley’s who talked about attention to usefulness. In summary, there are a number of alternative, and rather ingenious ways that creativity and the creative process were described Pfeiffer.


For More Articles in JOJ Nursing & Health Care Journal Please Click on:

For More Open Access Journals In Juniper Publishers Please Click on:


Friday, April 19, 2019

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS





Wishing you and your family the happiest Easter. 
God bless you now and always.

Thursday, April 18, 2019

Testicular Epidermoid Cyst: Case Report and Literature Review-Global Journal of Reproductive Medicine-Juniper Publishers

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-Global Journal of Reproductive Medicine


Testicular Epidermoid Cyst: Case Report and Literature Review


Authored by Yddoussalah Othmane*

Testicular epidermoid cysts are extremely uncommon. They are considered as benign tumors. Although an inguinal orchiectomy is the standard procedure for testicular tumors, if the presence of an epidermoid cyst is suspected, a conservative treatment may be attempted. We report here the case of a testicular epidermoid cyst in a 28-year-old man, who consulted for infertility. Physical examination shows the presence of a hard swelling on the left testicle surface, suggesting the presence of a mass. Enucleation was performed and no tumor recurrence was observed during the 6 months of follow-up. Thus, we will expose, through this observation and the literature, the clinicopathological characteristics of this rare testicular tumor and the different therapeutic aspects. This work has been reported in line with the SCARE criteria.

For Read More... Fulltext click on: https://juniperpublishers.com/gjorm/GJORM.MS.ID.555655.php

For More Articles in Global Journal of Reproductive Medicine Please Click on:

For More Open Access Journals In Juniper Publishers Please Click on:

Wednesday, April 17, 2019

Dysmetabolic Iron Overload and Cardiometabolic Diseases. Cause-Effect Relationship or Indirect Association?-Current Research in Diabetes & Obesity Journal-Juniper Publishers

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-Current Research in Diabetes & Obesity Journal


Dysmetabolic Iron Overload and Cardiometabolic Diseases. Cause-Effect Relationship or Indirect Association?


Authored by M Pilar Vaquero*

The prevalence of cardiometabolic diseases is increasing all over the world. Insulin resistance has been proposed as one major factor of the Metabolic syndrome (MetS) that ultimately leads to type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). The relationship between iron status and MetS has been scarcely described. This mini-review presents on one hand the existing knowledge on the effects of excess body iron (iron overload) on insulin resistance and on the other the link between hyperglycemia and alterations in iron metabolism. When the binding capacity of serum transferrin exceeds normal levels, free-iron induces the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which may increase oxidative stress and cause tissue damage. In addition, ROS have been linked to insulin resistance, reduction in adiponectin release, and non-alcoholic fatty liver, among others. It is also discussed that as a consequence of glucose excess, transferrin, as other proteins, becomes glycated decreasing its iron binding capacity resulting in elevated free-iron levels and the consequent deleterious effects. As in both, T2DM and hemochromatosis patients, a significant high ferritin-dyslipemia relationship has been reported, present review hypothesizes that iron stored as “ferritin” partially escapes to plasma contributing to the vicious circle. Increases in liver free fatty acids availability and gluconeogenesis aggravate insulin resistance, giving rise to adyslipemic profile. Nonetheless, several points and action mechanisms are still poorly understood and require more studies to elucidate the role of iron in the etiology of cardiometabolic diseases. Finally, it is suggested that subjects predisposed to cardiometabolic diseases and/or to accumulate iron should limit the prolonged consumption of iron supplements or iron fortified foods. Strategies to decrease the bioavailability of iron in such vulnerable population groups, such as recommending high vegetable diets, deserve future investigation.

For Read More... Fulltext click on: https://juniperpublishers.com/crdoj/CRDOJ.MS.ID.555727.php

For More Articles in Current Research in Diabetes & Obesity Journal Please Click on:

For More Open Access Journals In Juniper Publishers Please Click on:

Tuesday, April 16, 2019

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Caused by Hodgkin's Lymphoma - Case Report-Open Access Journal of Neurology & Neurosurgery-Juniper Publishers

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-Open Access Journal of Neurology & Neurosurgery


Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Caused by Hodgkin's Lymphoma - Case Report


Authored by Marcelo Josa da Silva de Magalhaes*

The neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a term used to describe symptoms of neurovascular compression in the cervical and superior thoracic regions. TOS presents a variety of etiologies, whether benign or malignant, idiopathic or secondary to a primary disease. Imaging exams play an important role in diagnosis and treatment consists of surgical intervention or conservative management. The authors show the case of a young 30 years old woman who presented a tumor in the left supraclavicular fossa region and upper limb irradiated pain ipsilateral to the lesion, compatible with TOS. Cervical region computed tomography scan has revealed numerous nodular lesions with a well- defined contour adjacent to the brachial plexus. The patient underwent surgery and the biopsy result revealed Hodgkin's Lymphoma (LH). Therefore, this work discuss the TOS caused by LH in the supraclavicular fossa region, its consequences, as well as the diagnostic investigation and the surgical treatment.

For Read More... Fulltext click on: https://juniperpublishers.com/oajnn/OAJNN.MS.ID.555701.php

For More Articles Juniper Open Access Journal of Neurology & Neurosurgery Please Click on:

For More Open Access Journals In Juniper Publishers Please Click on:

Monday, April 15, 2019

Applying Social Network Analysis to Understand the Percentages of Keywords within Abstracts of Journals: A System Review of Three Journals-Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences-Juniper Publishers

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences



Applying Social Network Analysis to Understand the Percentages of Keywords within Abstracts of Journals: A System Review of Three Journals


Authored by Willy Chou*

Academic literature suggests keywords that are retrieved from a paper’s title and abstract represent important concepts in that study. The percentage of keywords within an abstract (PKWA) is required to investigate. To compare the PKWA in journals of medical informatics and the keyword network relationship in order to develop a self-examining policy for the journal. Selecting 5,985 abstracts and their corresponding keywords in three journals (JMIR, JAMIA, and BMC Med Inform Decis Mak.) published between 1995 to 2017(April) on the US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health (Pubmed.org), we computed the PKWA for each journal by using MS Excel modules and compared the percentage differences across journals and years via a two-way ANOVA. Social Network Analysis (SNA) was performed to explore the relations of keywords in journals. The PKWA are 48.81, 41.59, and 56.84 for the three journals, respectively. A statistically significant difference (p<0.05) is found in the percentages among journals selected. In contrast, no differences (p>0.05) are found (1) between years (2016 and 2017) and (2) in interaction effects between journals and years. Three journals display significantly different patterns in network keywords and major cohesion measures. It is required to apply the computer module when inspecting whether keywords are within abstracts. The cohesion measure provides journal editors with a method of examining keywords within an abstract for a paper under review.

For Read More... Fulltext click on: https://juniperpublishers.com/ctbeb/CTBEB.MS.ID.555926.php

For More Articles Juniper Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences Please Click on:

For More Open Access Journals In Juniper Publishers Please Click on:

Friday, April 12, 2019

Transverse Zone: Explanation and Definition in Comparison with Comfort Zones-Journal of Forensic Sciences & Criminal Investigation-Juniper Publishers

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-Journal of Forensic Sciences & Criminal Investigation


Transverse Zone: Explanation and Definition in Comparison with Comfort Zones


Authored by Nadine Touzeau*

Man in real space behaves in different ways depending on the person in front of him. They may have a desire to flee the person or to get closer to them. He may want to talk with or without it, trust him or not, see her again or not. The desire to communicate more, to know more, to see each other again, or on the contrary that the exchange stops quickly, that the relationship stops, will depend on the feeling, the alchemy, the synchronization between two people. Thus, a physical distance may be closer if you feel the urge to get closer or be attracted to a person. On the other hand, the distance will go away if you feel uncomfortable or in phase with the person. This is how we discovered and delineated the “Comfort Zone” [1]. The comfort zone allows any person and any element that reassures, that we know, that does not allow us to ask questions, that makes us feel secure. Challenging or changing is not easily accepted in this area. Routine, fluency, knowledge and control are appreciated. If we rely on the fact that we consider that there are three zones of distance or psychological according to several researchers, as the one of which is Hall [2].

With “Proxemia” (Hall, 1963), these physical distances with others go from the physical proximity going from close to his body. We are there in real space with physical relationships in a universe of matter of all kinds, palpable, fragrant, that we can touch, move in a space around ourselves. As I mentioned in two of my previous publications [3]. In virtual space, the approach is different. Virtual space modifies these comfort zones, considering that the person acting in virtual space lives in reality. This explains behavioral differentiations with behaviors practiced in the virtual, reproduced in the real world. A complicity that makes it more difficult to contain cybercrime in order to understand and apprehend the Hats more quickly. This is the subject of one of my three theories, “Transverse Zone”. My other two theories “Avatarization” and “Virtual Intelligence” are inseparable from the “Transverse Zone”, developed also in my book”Net-profiling: Behavioural analysis of cybercriminals “.


For More Articles Juniper Journal of Forensic Sciences & Criminal Investigation Please Click on:

For More Open Access Journals In Juniper Publishers Please Click on:

Thursday, April 11, 2019

Response of Marigold (Tagetes erecta l.) to Different Levels of Nitrogen at Bagh E Naran Park Peshawar-International Journal of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources-Juniper Publishers

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-International Journal of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources


Response of Marigold (Tagetes erecta l.) to Different Levels of Nitrogen at Bagh E Naran Park Peshawar


Authored by Shafiullah*

An experiment on “Response of marigold to different levels of nitrogen” was carried out at the Horticulture Nursery, The University of Agriculture Peshawar, during 2013. Seedling of Marigold cultivar “Pygmy” were raised and transplanted on flat beds on 10th October 2013 at 30 cm Plant to Plant and 60 cm Row to Row. The seedlings were subjected to four different levels of nitrogen, 70 kg ha-1, 90 kg ha-1 and 110 kg ha-1 along with the control with no nitrogen. Data were collected on plant height, number of branches, number of leaves, days to flowering, number of flowers and flower weight. Different level of nitrogen had significantly affected all the parameters mentioned below except number of leaves plant-1. Maximum plant height (22.80 cm), maximum number of branches plant-1 (15.47), maximum number of leaves plant-1(158.67), minimum number of days to flowering (22.33), maximum number of flowers plant-1(23.22), maximum flower weight (20.66 gm), were recorded in plants received nitrogen at the rate of 110 kg ha-1. Hence Marigold should be supplied with nitrogen at the rate of 110 kg ha-1 in Peshawar valley.

For Read More... Fulltext click on: https://juniperpublishers.com/ijesnr/IJESNR.MS.ID.555876.php

For More Articles Juniper International Journal of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources Please Click on:
https://juniperpublishers.com/ijesnr/index.php

For More Open Access Journals In Juniper Publishers Please Click on:

Design of A Roadmap for Implementing A Quality Approach At ONS-Algeria-Juniper Publishers

Biostatistics and Biometrics Open Access Journal Abstract The rapid changes in Algeria have had and continue to have a profound imp...