Friday, January 18, 2019

Review Article on Impact of ATM Service on Customer Satisfaction


Authored by Benyam Tadesse


In banking industry, e-services are revolutionizing the way business is conducted. Electronic based business models are replacing conventional banking system and most banks are rethinking business process designs and customer relationship management strategies. It is also known as e-banking, online banking which provides various alternative e-channels to using banking services i.e. ATM, credit card, debit card, internet banking, mobile banking, electronic fund transfer, electronic clearing services etc. however, as per e-banking scenario ATM and mobile banking are most acknowledged than other e-channels [1]. Automated Teller Machine (ATM) refers to a machine that acts as a bank teller by receiving and issuing money to and from the ATM account holders/users. ATM means neither "avoids traveling with money” nor "any time money,” but certainly implies both. ATM cards are fast replacing confounding withdrawal forms as a convenient way of getting your money from banks. In a way, they are rewriting the rules of financial transaction. A smart person no longer needs to carry a wallet- full of paper money; rather, what he/she needs to do is to fish out an Automated Teller Machine (ATM) card from his/ her pocket, insert it in the slot of the machine, punch in a few details and go home with hard cash [1].

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General Advantages and Disadvantages of the NIK Narcotic Test


Authored by Andrea E Holmes

The NIK Narcotic test is a commercially available colorimetric test kit that is used in law enforcement and in the correction system. Not many validation studies are available in the literature. Therefore, the test has been questioned by various authors who demonstrated that the NIK tests produce false positives. The NIK test was studied in our laboratories and we determined that there are several advantages and disadvantages of the test. Positive aspects include ease of use and the quick turnaround time for the results. Negative points include the high probability of using the incorrect sample size and the subjective nature of color changes that are interpreted by the operator.



Thursday, January 17, 2019

Oxidative Stress in Bacteria Measured by Flow Cytometry



Authored by Daniel Manoil

The CellROX® Deep Red flow cytometry kit (Life technologies) has been developed for the detection of oxidative stress in mammalian cells. It combines a ROS sensitive fluorophore (CellROX® Deep Red) and a "viability” dye (SYTOX® Blue) to allow the detection of non-oxidized, oxidized and damaged cells. The present study investigated the application of these markers to Enterococcus faecalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum subjected to oxidative stress. An optimal concentration of CellROX® has been determined on Enterococcus faecalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum exposed to oxidative stress (H2O2). Bacteria have been exposed to various H2O2 concentrations and labeled with CellROX® to verify that fluorescence increased along with oxidative stress. Also, bacteria exposed to H2O2 were double stained with CellROX® and SYTOX® Blue and analyzed by flow cytometry. The optimal concentration of CellROX® Deep Red was 4^M for both strains. Fluorescence of bacteria labeled with 4^M of CellROX® Deep Red increased accordingly with the oxidative stress applied. Flow cytometry analysis of double stained samples showed bacteria subpopulations with increased CellROX® signal when stressed, and higher SYTOX® Blue uptake under higher oxidative stress. Results indicate that CellROX® Deep Red can be applied to measure oxidative stress in E. faecalis and F. nucleatum. The combination of CellROX® and SYTOX® Blue allowed the discrimination of non-oxidized, oxidized and damaged bacteria.


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Wednesday, January 16, 2019

Evaluation of Pre-Transplant Risk Factors as Independent Predictors on the New Onset of Diabetes after Renal Transplants (NODAT)


Authored by Debmalya Sanyal

One of the most potential complications in renal allograft recipients is post- operative impaired glucose tolerance leading to frank de novo Diabetes Mellitus known as New Onset Diabetes after Transplant (NODAT). It is multifactorial and is pathogenically similar to Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Having a variable incidence, it is usually associated with an increased risk of infection, cardiovascular morbidity, and graft dysfunction which can eventually cause mortality or loss of the allograft. In this study we aimed at comparing pre-operative risk factors namely age, sex, gender, insulin resistance (estimated by HOMA-IR), ß cell function (estimated by HOMA-ß), pre-operative fasting plasma glucose, post-operative fasting plasma glucose, tacrolimus level, induction ATG and hepatitis C virus status as an implicating factor for those who developed NODAT in post-operative period versus those who maintained an euglycemic status throughout the study period (non-NODAT). The study was carried out at the renal transplant unit of NHRTIICS, Kolkata between Jan 2013 to Feb 2014.


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Tuesday, January 15, 2019

The Effect of Family History of Diabetes and Middle Eastern Background on Abdominal Obesity is Modified by Gender: A Population based Cross-Sectional Study



Authored by Louise Bennet

Abdominal obesity is on the increase worldwide and ethnic minority groups are at high risk. However, studies of the underlying causes are scarce. The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of abdominal obesity and to identify metabolic, lifestyle and socio-demographic risk factors associated with abdominal obesity in male and female residents of Malmö, a city in southern Sweden, comparing those born in Iraq with those born in Sweden. We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional study from 2010 to 2012. Both male and female residents of Malmö, aged 30-75 years, born in Iraq (n=1387) or Sweden (n=749), underwent a physical examination. Fasting blood samples were drawn and socio-demography and lifestyle were characterized using questionnaires. Associations with abdominal obesity were assessed by logistic regression analysis. Abdominal obesity (waist circumference ≥80 cm in women and ≥94 cm in men) was highly prevalent and was most common in Iraqi-born women (Iraqi-born women 89.2% vs. Swedish women 73.1%, p<0.001, Iraqi-born men 70.2% vs. Swedish men 63.6%, p<0.003). Furthermore, family history of diabetes was more prevalent in participants born in Iraq than those born in Sweden (53.6% vs.28.5%, p<0.001). Based on the total study population, female gender, Middle Eastern background, family history of diabetes and depression conveyed higher odds of abdominal obesity. Family history of diabetes and Middle Eastern origin conveyed higher odds of abdominal obesity in females than in males (Pinteraction: Female gender*Family history=0.023; Pinteraction: Female gender*Middle Eastern origin =0.011).


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Friday, January 11, 2019

The Analytical Covariance Matrix for Regime - Switch in Models



Authored by Andrea Beccarini

This letter provides an analytical solution for the covariance matrix related to the (mean) parameters of the standard Markov-switching model. The importance of avoiding numerical procedures to estimate this matrix is also highlighted. Simulations are also performed in order to verify, in small samples, the actual advantage of the analytical formula. The seminal paper of Hamilton [1] provides a very attractive way to estimate regime-switching parameters of a model where the latent variable governing the regime switching enters the model without its lags. In this case, closed form solutions for these estimates are available. Surprisingly, Hamilton and the subsequent applied and theoretical literature do not consider a closed form solution for the related covariance matrix. Thus, the covariance matrix is generally found by numerical procedures whose aim is generally to estimate both the point Markov- switching (M-S) estimates and their covariance matrix in the maximum likelihood (ML) framework.


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Modern Materials in Surgical Correction of Genital Prolapse


Authored by Ishchenko Anton Anatolievich

Genital prolapse is a disease manifested by the displacement of the uterus and the vaginal walls to the genital slit and/or by going beyond it. At the basis of this pathology lies the dysfunctionalityof the ligament apparatus of the internal genital organs and the muscles of the pelvic floor. The causes of this pathology include physical, genetic, age, hormonal factors. Pelvic prolapse is a very urgent problem, due to the high incidence in bothpatientof thereproductive age and postmenopausal women, as well as the projected increase in morbidity in countries with excessive fertility and in countries with a high life expectancy. The most preferred method of treatment is surgical correction, based on neo-fasciogenesis with the use of gridimplants. In this study, 37 operations were performed using a titanium implant, wherethe patients were divided into three groups[1-4]. 

Clinical Hepatocyte Transplantation


Authored by Toshio Miki

A severe shortage of suitable allograft is a long-standing and worldwide problem for the patients who are waiting for organ transplantation. Hepatocyte transplantation has been proposed as an alternative therapeutic approach for liver disease patients to address these urgent and unmet medical needs. The cell replacement approach does not replace the orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), but rather complement OLT especially for the patients who are not required whole liver replacement such as congenital metabolic disorders. This review article summarizes current knowledge and limitations of clinical hepatocyte transplantation and aims to advance our understanding towards the goal of developing novel cell replacement therapies for the patients who are on the OLT waiting list.


Wednesday, January 9, 2019

Patterns of Exploratory /Locomotor Behaviour in Mice Following Chronic Consumption of Uncooked Beans


Authored by Aduema W

The effects of chronic consumption of uncooked beans diet on exploratory/locomotor behaviour were investigated. Thirty (30) CD1 mice weighing 18-35g were randomly assigned into three groups, viz; control, uncooked beans diet (50% w/w), while another set of mice were placed on serotonin precursor (5-HTP) diet (0.2mg/50g w/w) respectively for thirty days. All the mice had access to clean drinking water ad libitum. Before the neurobehavioral parameters were assessed, the phytochemical analysis of the beans, LD50 of the beans) and that of the serotonin precursor (5-HTP) were determined. Serotonin concentration was measured in the beans using gas chromatography analysis. The open field maze and light and dark transition box were employed for the evaluation of exploratory/locomotor behaviour. Daily food intake, water intake and body weight change were measured. The frequency of rearing in the open field was not significantly different in the uncooked beans and serotonin precursor fed group compared to control. However, the frequency of line crosses, stretch attend posture were decreased in the test group (p<0.05) compared to control. This indicates a decreased exploratory/locomotor behaviour in the test group.

Tuesday, January 8, 2019

Medicine's "Future": Pilot Data from a US Sample Shows Surgeons More Likely to Encourage Children to Pursue Medicine



Authored by Irene Dimitriadis

A survey was conducted to ascertain knowledge on when doctors start having children and the likelihood of them encouraging their children to follow in their footsteps. Across all training levels, surgical specialties are more likely to encourage their children to become physicians compared to non-surgical specialties (64.3% vs 45.5%; p<0.0001, respectively). Amongst physicians with sons and daughters, 21.2% of responders report a gender bias in regards to encouraging their children to become doctors, of which almost twice as many parents report that they would encourage their son compared to their daughter to pursue medicine (14% vs 7.2%, p=0.08).



Friday, January 4, 2019

The Metaphor of Cultural Entanglement in Northeast African Archaeology


Authored by Julia Budka

Archaeology in Northeast Africa has long been dominated by ancient Egypt and its rich cultural heritage. The monuments located in modern Sudan, ancient Nubia, were first described and analyzed by Egyptologists and traditionally viewed from an "Egyptian" perspective, resulting in several shortcomings in assessing African indigenous cultures. Many studies exhibit an Egypt centric bias and are referring primarily to written Egyptian sources which have been read as accurate evidence, partly neglecting archaeological findings.

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Thursday, January 3, 2019

Prerequisites for the Application of Low - Intensity Irrigation Systems on Sloping Lands as A Means to Combat Erosion in Azerbaijan



Authored by RAE ZH Aliyev*

The article examines the issues of studying the world experience and the results of many years of experiments in various countries on the applicability of low-intensity irrigation systems in various climatic and soil conditions shows that the creation of irrigation systems of this type is an effective and economically viable irrigation of various types of crops: perennial plantings, orchards, vineyards, forest plantations, shrub farms as soil protection means, grain-legumes, vegetables, ridge crops and technical crops, ornamental plantations, goons, nurseries and others. The low-intensity system (drip irrigation, micro sprinkling, aerosol irrigation, subsoil and inektsionnoy irrigation, etc. which has almost universal application, in particular, it is applicable where the use of other methods irrigation is impossible or ineffective.


Monday, December 31, 2018



We are Joyful to keep our effort with Eminent Authors and Editors and we are Thankful to Every Member of our Juniper Family who has supported us in achieving better progress to our Publishers….

Wish you A Happy and Prosperous New Year to you and your Family…..

Friday, December 14, 2018

Recent Trends in Global Climate Warming with a Focus on Europe

Authored by Martin T Dokulil

Even if the debate on whether we have reached a new epoch, the Anthropocene [1,2] or not, there is no doubt that humanity's impact on Earth has become extremely profound. The new epoch has perhaps begun at about 1950 as a result of economic growth and the resulting accelerating impacts, speeding up climate change [3,4]. Although many in the world are still sceptical about the relative impacts of human-induced climate change and natural climate variability [5], warming nevertheless continues to rise. The recent status of global warming will be described and discussed below.

Thursday, December 13, 2018

Fluid Shear Stress Inhibits Differentiation of Growth Plate Chondrocytes, Partially Via Integrin Beta 1



Authored by Barbara D Boyan

Mechanical stimuli such as fluid shear stress contribute to cartilage homeostasis and serve as important parameters for tissue engineering bioreactors. While mechanical forces on articular chondrocytes are widely investigated, the objective of this study was to determine the effects of fluid shear stress on growth plate cartilage cells. Rat costochondral resting zone chondrocytes (RC) and chondrogenic ATDC5 cells were subjected to 0, 2, 3.5, 5, or 6.5 dynes/cm2 fluid shear stress in a cone-plate viscometer device for 24 hours, and thenwereharvested immediately or after an additional static culture period. Shear stress exposure decreased [35S]-sulfate and [3H]-thymidine incorporation, but these were partially or fully recovered to control levels following a 24-hour, post-shear static culture across shear treatments. Alkaline phosphatase activity was also dose-dependently lowered by shear at this interval.

Corn Yield as Altered by Using On-Farm Seed Priming, Different Nitrogen Levels and Soil Moisture Regimes


Authored by Kamil Sardar

The experiment was conducted at New Developmental Farm, of The University of Agriculture Peshawar during summer 2013 to study the effect of seed priming, nitrogen (N) levels and soil moisture regimes on the yield and yield components of maize. Two separate experiments were conducted in RCB design, one under high moisture condition other under low moisture condition. Treatment combination of seed priming and N levels were kept in. Sub plots while moisture in main plots. Nitrogen was applied at (0, 75, 150kg N ha-1) in three split doses. Seed priming was consisted of dry seed, water soaked and seed primed in 0.2% Phosphorus (P) solution. Days to emergence and Emergence m-2 of maize were significantly affected by moisture and seed priming while N effect was not significant. Low moisture plots resulted in higher days to emergence as compared to high moisture plots. Higher days to emergence were recorded for dry seed as compared to P primed seed and water soaked seed.

Wednesday, December 12, 2018

A Case Report and Review of the Literature



Authored by Rosario Fernandez Salmerón

Dermatomyositis (DM) is a rare paraneoplasic neurological syndrome (PNS) that may precedes the development of malignancies. It´s an uncommon inflammatory myophaty with characteristic cutaneous manifestations. The association between DM and cancer has long been recognized but is becoming more clearly delineated. Several studies have documented an increased rate of malignant disease associated with DM over that observed in the general population. The incidence of ovarian cancer developing in the setting of DM was reported to be as high as 13.3 % in one series.

Monday, December 10, 2018

Mesenchymal Stem Cells Markers



Authored by Vasiliki E Kalodimou

In the field of regenerative medicine, basic research and preclinical studies have been conducted to overcome clinical shortcomings with the use of stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells and adipose stem cells. They are present in adult tissues, including bone marrow, umbilical cord, umbilical cord blood and adipose tissue [1]. For many years, bone marrow-derived stem cells were the primary source of stem cells for tissue engineering applications. Russian-born Alexander A. Maximow in 1924 used extensive histological findings to identify a kind of spherical precursor cell in the mesenchyme, which can grow and differentiate into Different cell types. In late 1960’s the scientists Ernest A. McCulloch and James E. Till reveal for the first time the clonal nature of bone marrow cells.

Tuesday, November 27, 2018

Embryo Transfer in Upper Uterine Cavity versus Mid-Uterine Cavity in Cases of Previous Failed Implantation

Authored by Abdel-Rahman Anbar

The aim of this work is to compare site of embryo transfer in mid-uterine cavity versus site of embryo transfer in upper uterine cavity in cases of previous failed implantation following ICSI treatment protocol. A prospective study. Setting: private IVF center (walad and bent). Patients and methods: Sixty two infertile women undergoing ICSI, were recruited from Assisted Reproductive Technology Unit (ART hospital department), during the period between December 2015 to October 2017.

Anti-Apoptotic Effect of Semelil on Testicular Germ Cells in Streptozotocin-lnduced Chronic Diabetic Rats


Authored by Maryam Anjomshoa

It is well known that diabetes is associated with impairment of testicular function. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of Semilil, an herbal medicine with angiogenic action, on testicular germ cell apoptosis in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced chronic diabetic rats. Adult Male sprague dawley rats were divided into 5 groups: (1) diabetic group, (2) Semilil-treated diabetic group, (3) insulin- treated diabetic group, (4) Semilil plus insulin-treated diabetic group, and (5) control group. Semilil was administered intraperitoneally at the dose of 13mg/kg for 49 days. Apoptosis in testicular germ cells was determined by terminal-deoxynucleotidyl-transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining. Apoptosis indices in testicular germ cells of animals were computed using the stereologic method.

Review Article on Impact of ATM Service on Customer Satisfaction Authored by Benyam Tadesse In banking industry, e-services ar...