Saturday, September 22, 2018

Prevalence of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Virus in Pakistan (NAPDD) - Juniper Publishers

Prevalence of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Virus in Pakistan in Juniper in Novel Approaches in Drug Designing & Development (NAPDD)

Crimean Congo virus that causes hemorrhagic fever belongs to Bunyaviridea family [1] and genus Nairoviridea [2]. First case of this disease was inspected in Tajisktan in 12th century [3] however this disease gained more attention in 1944 when about 200 military officers of Soviet Union died of this infectious disease at the place of Crimea so named as Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever. Its etiology was studied by inducing fever in psychiatric patients by inoculating them with virus obtained from the blood of CCHF patients. Chumkov and his colleagues first time isolated a prototype of this virus in 1967 in Moscow [4].


Energy Potential of Natural, Synthetic Polymers and Waste Materials - A Review (AJOP) - Juniper Publishers

Energy Potential of Natural, Synthetic Polymers and Waste Materials - A Review in Juniper in Academic Journal of Polymer Science (AJOP)

In this paper, the energy potential of natural (polysaccharides, lignin, etc.), and synthetic polymers (polyolefins, etc.), polymer materials (plant biomass, plastics and their solid waste), as well as combustible liquids and gases derived from them has been studied. To determine calorific values of solid, liquid and gaseous substances, various experimental and calculation methods were used. For this purpose, improved equations based on chemical structure and elemental analysis was proposed. It was shown that the conversion of solid materials into liquids or gases reduces the yield of thermal energy. Therefore for the production of thermal energy, it is more profitable to burn the solid biomass or plastic than combustible liquids and gases, derived from them. Studies have shown that lipids and lignin increase, whereas moisture and ash reduce the calorific value of biomass. The calorific value of most synthetic polymers and plastics is higher than that of biomass samples, but resources of waste plastics are about 10 times lower than these of biomass. The use of compacted mixture of biomass and plastic waste enables to obtain solid fuels with unique properties, such as increased calorific value and energy density, as well as reduced emission of carbon dioxide. Considering the total amount of biomass and plastics waste destined for combustion, it was calculated that current annual energy potential of the waste materials is about 145 EJ. The increase the share of biomass in the production of alternative energy can simultaneously contribute to reducing in greenhouse gas emission and improving the ecological state of the environment.




Treatment of the Ear Giant Keratoacanthoma with Topical Imiquimod (JOJDC) - Juniper Publishers

Treatment of the Ear Giant Keratoacanthoma with Topical Imiquimod in Juniper in JOJ Dermatology & Cosmetics (JOJDC)

Keratoacanthoma (KA) is an epidermal neoplasma with rapid growth and severe local destruction. Owing to its similarities to squamous cell carcinoma, complete surgical excision is mainly recommended. Topical imiquimod is an ideal option for the problematic sites and cosmetic demands. Here we report a giant case of KA on a rare anatomical location, and fully recorded the disease process. The patient was treated successfully with topical imiquimod.





Granular Cell Tumor (JTMP) - Juniper Publishers


Introduction: Granular cell tumors are rare neoplasms, which can be either benign or malignant. They are often discovered as incidental findings on imaging.
Case: 34-year-old smoker, with complaints of fever, chills; malaise was found to have a posterior mediastenal mass on chest imaging. EBUS guided FNA of the mediastenal mass revealed histopathologic features consistent with benign granular cell tumor. Patient underwent thoracotomy and required right lower bi-lobectomy and re implantation of the right upper bronchus to the trachea, as mass was adherent o the right main stem bronchus.
Discussion: Granular cell tumors are rare slow growing neoplasms, also known as Abrikosoff tumors, commonly present in the fourth to sixth decade of life. They are of Schwann cell origin and can involve any organ of the body. GCT’s are characterized with pathologic features of homogenous cells containing abundant eosinophilic granular cytoplasm with periodic acid Schiff (PAS) positive and diastase resistant granules. GCT’s can be classified into benign, atypical and malignant GCT’s based on the histologic criteria and Ki-67 index. For benign and atypical granular cell tumors, wide local excision with clear margins is curative. Malignant granular cell tumors often require adjuvant radiotherapy in addition to the local surgical excision.


https://juniperpublishers.com/jtmp/JTMP.MS.ID.555553.php


Safety and Efficacy of Yoga and Naturopathy based lifestyle in Patients suffering from Rheumatoid Arthritis (JGWH) - Juniper Publishers

Safety and Efficacy of Yoga and Naturopathy based lifestyle in Patients suffering from Rheumatoid Arthritis in Juniper in Journal of Gynecology and Women’s Health (JGWH)

Amavata may be simulated with Rheumatoid arthritis on the basis of clinical manifestation and pathogenesis. In this clinical study, 43 Amavata (Rheumatoid arthritis) patients were registered from the O.P.D. of the Population and Social Development for Yoga Naturopathy Education and Research, Durgapur, Bardhaman, West Bengal, India. 3 patients out of total 43 discontinued before completion of the treatment. Yoga therapy i.e. Prarthana (Prayer), Sutraneti, Jalaneti, Vaman (kunjal), Kapalbhati, Stretching and Rotations, Healing, Mudra, Pranayam, Relaxation with Dharana, Omkara & Shanti mantra were designed in the treatment of Amavata (Rheumatoid arthritis) patients for three weeks (21 days). The practice was performed on an empty stomach. In the clinical study, 60 % of the participants showed major improvement, 35% minor improvement and 5% no improvement. Complete remission was nil. No complication was found in the clinical study. Majority of participants under study were women belonging to the age group of 30 - 50 years.



Biological Regeneration of Tissues - Latest Therapeutic Approach Using Platelet Rich Plasma (TTSR) - Juniper Publishers

Biological Regeneration of Tissues - Latest Therapeutic Approach Using Platelet Rich Plasma in Juniper in Open Access Blood Research & Transfusion Journal (OABTJ)

Regeneration of cells and tissues is a new therapeutic approach for treatment of various diseases. Earlier, prolotherapy was practiced all over using hypertonic solutions, but later on Platelet Rich Plasma therapy was introduced to stimulate wound healing. Initially, large quantity of blood requirement and expensive equipment precluded its use, but PRP therapy was revolutionized in 1990, when small quantity of autologous patient’s blood and portable machines extended its use from dental surgeries to orthopedics and cosmetics. Various methods of preparing HD-PRP are known. Then these platelet concentrates are activated and injected locally at the target site. These activated platelets release various growth factors and cytokines on degranulation, which act by chemo attraction and matrix deposition and accelerate wound healing. This mode of therapy is further advanced by injecting embryonic (prenatal stem cells and adult postnatal stem cells) along with PRP.
Outcomes and evidence of its utility so far is encouraging and positive. However, more research needs to be done to refine these techniques and provide larger patient trial and long term benefits.



Friday, September 21, 2018

Natural Course of Early Radiological Signs of Femoroacetabular Impingement in An Asymptomatic Population (JPFMTS) - Juniper Publishers


Background: During last years a lot of studies are investigating about femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in athletes and its treatment. Few is known about the natural course of asymptomatic patients that present radiological FAI signs.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the radiological and clinical outcome of early-detected radiological signs predisposing towards FAI.

Study design: this is a cross sectional study.

Methods: All 2360 Computerized Tomography (CT) scans executed in our Emergency Department in 2006 were examined. Inclusion criteria were: age (20-40 years old), inclusion of both hips in the imaged range, absence of previous hip pathologies or trauma. The following bone abnormalities predisposing towards FAI were investigated: center edge angle, acetabular version angle, crossover sign. 44 patients (88 hips) were included in this study. At the 10-year follow-up, 42 patients were clinically evaluated using Hip Outcome Score. 19 patients also had repeated radiological examination.

Results: 34 out of 88 hips presented at least one radiological sign predisposing towards FAI. At follow-up, no patients developed symptoms. None of these 34 hips were found to have an increased number of signs at follow-up.

Conclusion: The role of early-detected radiological factors predisposing towards FAI remains unclear in asymptomatic patients and in the development time of FAI as a distinct clinical entity. The presence of radiographic signs of FAI is not predictive for the development of osteoarthritis at medium-long term.


Prevalence of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Virus in Pakistan (NAPDD) - Juniper Publishers

Prevalence of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Virus in Pakistan in Juniper in Novel Approaches in Drug Designing & Development (NAP...