Friday, February 15, 2019

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS- Journal of Gynecology and Women’s Health

Medicine's "Future": Pilot Data from a US Sample Shows Surgeons More Likely to Encourage Children to Pursue Medicine

Authored by Irene Dimitriadis

Objective: A survey was conducted to ascertain knowledge on when doctors start having children and the likelihood of them encouraging their children to follow in their footsteps.
Design: Nationwide electronic survey (4/18/2013-7/18/2013), cross-sectional study
Setting: USA
Participants/Interventions: Physician recipients of a survey titled "Knowing what you know, would you encourage your children to become physicians?”, with active affiliations to ACGME accredited residency programs
Statistics: Chi-square test, used as appropriate. P<0.05, considered statistically significant. All data analysis was performed using SAS v9.3 (SAS Institute, Cary, North Carolina).
Results: Of 801 responses received, 85.2%, 60% and 30.3% of attendings, fellows and residents have children, respectively. Male residents are more likely to have children than females (42.2% vs 20.2%, p<0.0001). This gender difference vanished among attendings and fellows.
Across all training levels, surgical specialties are more likely to encourage their children to become physicians compared to non-surgical specialties (64.3% vs 45.5%; p<0.0001, respectively). Amongst physicians with sons and daughters, 21.2% of responders report a gender bias in regards to encouraging their children to become doctors, of which almost twice as many parents report that they would encourage their son compared to their daughter to pursue medicine (14% vs 7.2%, p=0.08).
Over 80% of physicians who would encourage their children to go into medicine would encourage them to pursue their specialty.
Conclusion: Surgical specialties are more likely to encourage their children to follow in their footsteps.

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Saturday, February 9, 2019

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS- Journal of Forensic Sciences & Criminal Investigation

Active Search for Perpetrators of Most Serious Criminal Offences - the Croatian Model

Authored by Ksenija Butorac

Number of cases in which search for perpetrators is conducted is on the rise. Conditions in which borders are open and free flow of people, goods and capital is allowed are favored by fugitives. They keep up with the times and keep track of new developments in technology. This requires adaptation of work methodology of competent services whose search for the perpetrators of criminal offences represents one of their fundamental obligations. When doing so, it is necessary to acquire new knowledge and develop tactical, technical and human capacities in a timely matter. Croatian police follows current trends and is on a good path to satisfy actual needs and to achieve maximum success in the area of active search for perpetrators of most serious criminal offences. The Fugitives Unit was founded in 2008 - a unit dedicated to search for fugitives and which operates within the Police National Office for Suppression of Corruption and Organized Crime. Since 2012, the SIReNE Section has been operational within the International Police Cooperation Service of the Criminal Police Directorate as the central point for searches in cases where the SIS II System is used. Since 27th June 2017, all searches in the second-generation Schengen Information System (SIS. II) of the Schengen Area member countries have been available to the Republic of Croatia. Since that day Croatian authorities have also had the possibility of issuing their own searches within the SIS II System. Complementary work of the Fugitives Unit and the SIReNE Section created the preconditions for quality and coordinated proceedings when undertaking measures for fugitive active search.

Thursday, February 7, 2019


Nurses as Role Models in Disease Prevention

Authored by Dirk Nelson

The number of citizens in the United States over 65 years of age is anticipated to more than double during the next 25 years (at that time there will be approximately 75,000,000 Americans over the age of 65; this will represent over 20% of the population). This “graying of America” will elicit profound opportunities and challenges. Life expectancy in developed countries like the United States currently ranges from 76 to 80 years. With an aging population, there is a concomitant increase in chronic diseases, disabilities, injuries, health care costs and concerns for caregivers. Approximately 80 percent of all seniors have at least one chronic condition and 50 percent have at least two (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). However, life expectancy is not necessarily synonymous with living better. esults of literally thousands of studies indicate that simple lifestyle changes can maintain, slow down and may even reverse physical declines related to the aging process. While there are no guarantees, heart disease, cancers, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, diabetes, osteoporosis, and depression may be managed and/or even prevented via one’s lifestyle. These phenomena (along with others) can create a great deal of angst for not only individuals, but their significant others as well. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has reported that one’s health need not inevitably decline due to aging. The reality is that anyone can improve his/her wellbeing by adopting healthy lifestyle behaviors. 

Wednesday, February 6, 2019

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-International Journal of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources

Integration of a Solar Thermal System for the Heating of an Office Space

Authored by R Kharchi

Given its geographical location, Algeria lends itself favorable to solar applications. The global solar radiation varies between 1700 and 2650 kWh/m2/year, for a duration of sunshine which is close to 3500 hours/year. This clean and in exhaustible energy can cover the heating demand of the office space. Our project consists of the integration of a solar thermal system controlled and controlled by a solar controller that will ensure optimal use of the solar heating system. Office heating is provided by low temperature radiators. Given its geographical location, Algeria lends itself favorably to solar applications. The global solar radiation varies between 1700 and 2650 kWh / m2 / year, for a duration of sunshine which is close to 3500 hours/year [1,2]. It is with this in mind that our project is to take advantage of this energy to cover the heating needs in the building. A solar collection field is installed on the terrace, the heated water is stored in a solar tank, which supplies the radiators for the heat distribution in the building. The building housing offices located in Bouzareah, Algiers (36°47’24” north, 3°01’04” east). The climate is warm and temperate.

Tuesday, February 5, 2019

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-Anatomy Physiology & Biochemistry International Journal

Association of Hyperuricemia and Raised Atherogenic Index of Plasma with Hypertension

Authored by Rumana Ahmed

Background: Among the non-communicable disease, CVD is one of the major reasons of mortality all over the world. Hypertension is an important contributor to cardiovascular disease, stroke and kidney disease.
Objective: To evaluate the association of serum uric acid and atherogenic index of plasma with hypertension.
Method: A total of 100 individuals were selected as study subjects based on predefined enrollment criteria. Among them 50 diagnosed cases of hypertension were selected as cases and 50 normotensive healthy individuals as controls. Serum uric acid and serum lipid profile were measured in all study subjects. Atherogenic index of plasma was calculated by the formula log (TG/HDL-C).
Result: The study population mostly belonged to 36 to 45 years of age group. The mean age of hypertensive patients was 40.78±4.00 years and that of controls was 39.58±4.12 years. The study found that the mean levels of serum TG (205.24±56.74mg/dl) in hypertensive patients were significantly higher than those of controls whereas mean level of HDL-C (42.10±12.27 mg/dl) in hypertensive patients were lower than those of controls. The mean AIP in the hypertensive patients was (0.68±0.19) significantly higher (p <0.001) than that of controls (0.43±0.22). In the study 70% of the hypertensive subjects were found to be hyperurecemic whereas 08% of the normotensive subjects were hyperurecemic which was statistically significant. The hypertensive subjects showed a positive significant (r= 0.437 p= 0.002) correlation between AIP and SUA.

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Monday, February 4, 2019

JUNIPER PUBLISHERS-Biostatistics and Biometrics Open Access Journal

Limits and Inferences for Alpha-Stable Variables

Authored by DR Jensen

Distributions having excessive tails are modeled in various venues via a-stable sequences deficit in moments of various orders. Essential statistics are examined under independent vs spherically dependent cases. The former exhibits such critical pathologies as inconsistent sample means. The latter support versions of some classical procedures even without moments as conventionally required. In particular, despite heavy tails, Student's tests for means nonetheless remain exact in level and power. etc. AMS Subject Classification: 62E15, 62H15, 62J20. Classical statistics rest heavily on means, variances, correlations, skewness and kurtosis, requiring moments to fourth order. To the contrary, probability distributions having excessive tails, often void of first or second moments, arise in a variety of circumstances. These encompass radar tracking, image processing, acoustics, risk management, portfolios in finance, biometrics, and other venues. Supporting references include Bonato & Matteo, Cheng & Rachev, Kim et al., Kuruoglu & Zerubia, Qiou et al., Tsionas & Efthymios. Salient monographs are Arce, Chernobai & Rachev, Ibragimov et al. and Samorodnitsky & Taqqu. In these settings the classical foundations accordingly must be reworked.

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JUNIPER PUBLISHERS- Journal of Gynecology and Women’s Health Medicine's "Future": Pilot Data from a US Sample Shows S...