Monday, December 31, 2018



We are Joyful to keep our effort with Eminent Authors and Editors and we are Thankful to Every Member of our Juniper Family who has supported us in achieving better progress to our Publishers….

Wish you A Happy and Prosperous New Year to you and your Family…..

Friday, December 14, 2018

Recent Trends in Global Climate Warming with a Focus on Europe

Authored by Martin T Dokulil

Even if the debate on whether we have reached a new epoch, the Anthropocene [1,2] or not, there is no doubt that humanity's impact on Earth has become extremely profound. The new epoch has perhaps begun at about 1950 as a result of economic growth and the resulting accelerating impacts, speeding up climate change [3,4]. Although many in the world are still sceptical about the relative impacts of human-induced climate change and natural climate variability [5], warming nevertheless continues to rise. The recent status of global warming will be described and discussed below.

Thursday, December 13, 2018

Fluid Shear Stress Inhibits Differentiation of Growth Plate Chondrocytes, Partially Via Integrin Beta 1



Authored by Barbara D Boyan

Mechanical stimuli such as fluid shear stress contribute to cartilage homeostasis and serve as important parameters for tissue engineering bioreactors. While mechanical forces on articular chondrocytes are widely investigated, the objective of this study was to determine the effects of fluid shear stress on growth plate cartilage cells. Rat costochondral resting zone chondrocytes (RC) and chondrogenic ATDC5 cells were subjected to 0, 2, 3.5, 5, or 6.5 dynes/cm2 fluid shear stress in a cone-plate viscometer device for 24 hours, and thenwereharvested immediately or after an additional static culture period. Shear stress exposure decreased [35S]-sulfate and [3H]-thymidine incorporation, but these were partially or fully recovered to control levels following a 24-hour, post-shear static culture across shear treatments. Alkaline phosphatase activity was also dose-dependently lowered by shear at this interval.

Corn Yield as Altered by Using On-Farm Seed Priming, Different Nitrogen Levels and Soil Moisture Regimes


Authored by Kamil Sardar

The experiment was conducted at New Developmental Farm, of The University of Agriculture Peshawar during summer 2013 to study the effect of seed priming, nitrogen (N) levels and soil moisture regimes on the yield and yield components of maize. Two separate experiments were conducted in RCB design, one under high moisture condition other under low moisture condition. Treatment combination of seed priming and N levels were kept in. Sub plots while moisture in main plots. Nitrogen was applied at (0, 75, 150kg N ha-1) in three split doses. Seed priming was consisted of dry seed, water soaked and seed primed in 0.2% Phosphorus (P) solution. Days to emergence and Emergence m-2 of maize were significantly affected by moisture and seed priming while N effect was not significant. Low moisture plots resulted in higher days to emergence as compared to high moisture plots. Higher days to emergence were recorded for dry seed as compared to P primed seed and water soaked seed.

Wednesday, December 12, 2018

A Case Report and Review of the Literature



Authored by Rosario Fernandez Salmerón

Dermatomyositis (DM) is a rare paraneoplasic neurological syndrome (PNS) that may precedes the development of malignancies. It´s an uncommon inflammatory myophaty with characteristic cutaneous manifestations. The association between DM and cancer has long been recognized but is becoming more clearly delineated. Several studies have documented an increased rate of malignant disease associated with DM over that observed in the general population. The incidence of ovarian cancer developing in the setting of DM was reported to be as high as 13.3 % in one series.

Monday, December 10, 2018

Mesenchymal Stem Cells Markers



Authored by Vasiliki E Kalodimou

In the field of regenerative medicine, basic research and preclinical studies have been conducted to overcome clinical shortcomings with the use of stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells and adipose stem cells. They are present in adult tissues, including bone marrow, umbilical cord, umbilical cord blood and adipose tissue [1]. For many years, bone marrow-derived stem cells were the primary source of stem cells for tissue engineering applications. Russian-born Alexander A. Maximow in 1924 used extensive histological findings to identify a kind of spherical precursor cell in the mesenchyme, which can grow and differentiate into Different cell types. In late 1960’s the scientists Ernest A. McCulloch and James E. Till reveal for the first time the clonal nature of bone marrow cells.

Review Article on Impact of ATM Service on Customer Satisfaction Authored by Benyam Tadesse In banking industry, e-services ar...